One thing that we do know is that labor is only one part of this equation. I will say that something very interesting does happen around this time of the Yamasee War. Explore the Native American Influences in U.S. History and Culture Quiz, from Teaching Tolerance; Then, create a social media video that highlights the 3-5 most surprising things you learned. Native Americans of New England: Key Concepts For Teaching Native American Histories Websites Indiana Native American Heritage Month (November) American Indians in … Typically, we emphasize disease, and certainly disease has a major role. Meredith McCoy: We continue today to feel the impacts of Indigenous enslavement in so many ways. In this episode, historian Christina Snyder tells the story of what unfolded when these worlds collided. As Teaching Tolerance puts it, Keeler celebrates Thanksgiving “through a distinctly indigenous lens.” The activity asks students to reflect upon the holiday before and after reading Keeler’s text and that of another indigenous woman, to contrast how that perspective might change. That Indigenous nations are making choices, as you say, strategically, to ensure the well-being of their people. Meredith McCoy: Thanks to Doctor Snyder for sharing her insights with us. Writer and historian Bernard DeVoto observed more than 50 years ago that a dismaying amount of American history has been written without regards to the Indians. Around the same time as the Yamasee War, New England, a few decades earlier, had experienced King Philip’s war, which is also partially about the enslavement of Indigenous people in New Mexico. This really gets amplified. That really stands out. Never miss a Moment. I want to return to the Yamasee War for a moment. That this is not something that is just relegated to the past, but that the legal tenants and the social dynamics that were established through the Indigenous slave trade continue to impact Indigenous peoples today. Even though they had already been heavily invested in the Atlantic slave trade, they really turn almost exclusively toward people of African descent as enslaved laborers. So they’re joined by Lower Creeks, Savannahs and Apalachees, and to a lesser extent by Upper Creeks, Choctaws and Cherokees. But then how quickly the tide seems to turn, not just impacting individuals, but how, for example, the nature of warfare begins to change. To continue, log into your Teaching Tolerance account. It was really about addressing a balance that had been lost through a relative who had been killed. Black Panther, the movie, did not disappoint. One of the things that really stood out to me about that conversation with Doctor Snyder is this idea of mutual displacement. That this is about how Indigenous peoples adopt technologies and systems that they believe will provide them with the resources, or the strategies that they need to protect their peoples, and their lands over time facing this severe threat from European invasion. But what we need to do with this new research is to realize that slavery, and the warfare that accompanied it, contributed significantly to Indigenous mortality in that early colonial period. There is also a kind of prestige and power in having these captives. Then have your students, again in teams, each focus on a different pressure, or tension, or idea that eventually led to the Yamasee War conflict. Teaching Tolerance Classroom Resources (Southern Poverty Law Center) The National Museum of African American History and Culture (Smithsonian) Native American Studies Resources. So, Doctor Snyder and I began our conversation with a question about common misconceptions about Indigenous peoples and enslavement. The ideas that they have about people who can justly be enslaved are based on a few different criteria. Those are the real takeaway points that we hope that teachers will sit with in thinking about histories of Indigenous enslavement. Christina Snyder: So “settler colonialism” is a term that teachers may have encountered and certainly it’s something that we as scholars talk about a lot. It really varies quite a bit. So that’s extremely significant. Eventually South Carolina cobbles together and army from their own militia, from some neighboring colonies. Now, Montana is a leader in educating this population of students, and provides an example for how teachers can use culturally aware instruction to promote tolerance. So, for them thinking about adoption is really addressing the loss of a loved one, compensating for that, taking in someone new, repairing the social fabric, incorporating them in society. So I’m excited to come on board. They’re more familiar with servitude and slavery. One of these moments that she turned to is the Yamasee War. In both instances, I’m really struck by this idea of Indigenous populations, whether they are Indigenous nations here, African people on the continent of Africa, are in a sense saying, “Okay, in what ways can we incorporate these new people into our existing way of life?”. The Federal legislation focuses on the education of American Indians, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians for preschool to graduate school. So that reorients how we think about the triangle trade, how we think about the Atlantic slave trade, because it adds this countercurrent to the normal cycle that we look at when we have these maps and diagrams in our history textbooks. We chose seniors because they have completed nearly 12 years of education, including U.S. history, which is mostly taken in the junior or sophomore years of high school. Unfortunately for the Yamasees, that protection did not include arming them. 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